EAST TIMOR // INDEPENDENCE // COFFEE
The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is more commonly known as East Timor. It is a country in South East Asia and became an independent state and the first new nation of the 21st century, on the 28th November 2002, after centuries of Portuguese colonisation and 25 years of Indonesian occupation.
The country is not too far from Australia, approximately 700km, but feels like a completely different world. With the assistance of international aid and local NGOs providing capacity building training to help the Timorese people, this developing country is slowly establishing itself as its own independent state after years of unsettlement.
Agriculture is the mainstay economy of East Timor and employs most of the population. Coffee is the main cash crop in East Timor and its largest exported good.
Coffee plants were first brought to East Timor in the early 19th century by the Portuguese and have grown to become East Timor’s biggest selling agricultural commodity, with 46% of the population relying on the coffee industry for income.
Growing wild and organically in the mountainous regions of East Timor, the coffee plants flourish underneath the shade of the natural tree canopies.
The Timor Hybrid variety of coffee has naturally evolved in East Timor over the years. It is a unique variety of coffee which has the smooth taste of an Arabica coffee, combined with the robust strength against fighting common coffee plant diseases of a Robusta coffee.
Timorese coffee is known to have a smooth creamy body with a complex aroma and taste, with flavour notes of stone fruit, plum and some chocolatey undertones.